The Philippines is an island country in the Southeast Asia located on the Western Pacific Ocean between the Philippine Sea on the east, South China Sea on the west, and Celebes Sea on the south. It lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire and is composed of more than 7, 107 with a total estimated land area 316,000 square kilometers or 122,000 square miles.
The Philippines is an archipelago and divided into three major islands: Luzon (in the north), Visayas (center) and Mindanao (south). These are divided into 18 regions, 81 provinces, 145 cities, 1,489 municipalities, and 42,029 barangays.
The Philippines has a tropical climate that is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons such as summer (March to May), rainy (June to November) and cool-dry season (December to February). Sitting astride the typhoon belt, most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October.
Population is more than 100 million and still growing faster, the country was named as the seventh-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. Plus the 12 million Filipinos overseas who are a significant contributor to the economy. In 2012, Filipino Americans sent 43% of all remittances sent to the Philippines, totaling to $10.6 billion USD.
Filipino culture is a mixture of Spanish and American cultures but it has also been influenced by Chinese, Japanese and Islamic cultures. According to the 2000 census, 28.1% of Filipinos are Tagalog, 13.1% Cebuano, 9% Ilocano, 7.6% Bisaya/Visayans, 7.5% Hiligaynon, 6% Bikol, 3.4% Waray, and 25.3% as “others”. The Filipinos / Filipinas was also tagged as one of the happiest people in the world. Known as being closely knit and very hospitable and value family ties.
The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of 95.6%, with 95.1% for males and 96.1% for females. The Philippines has a functional literacy rate of 86.45%, with 84.2% for males and 88.7% for females in 2008. Literacy in females is greater than in males. English and Filipino (Tagalog) are the official languages of the Philippines.
The Philippine economy has been growing steadily over decades, one of the emerging markets reported as the 39th largest economy in the world. However, its growth has been behind that of many of its Asian neighbors. Most of the following statistics are sourced from the International Monetary Fund – Philippines (as of 2012; figures are in US dollars unless otherwise indicated).
GDP – purchasing power parity: $751.770 billion (2015)
GDP – real growth rate: 5.6% (Q2 2015)
GDP per capita purchasing power parity: $6,985.680 (2014)
GDP nominal: $330.259 billion (2015)
GDP per capita: $2,913.344 (2014)
GDP – composition by sector:
services: 57.2% (2013 est.)
The Filipinos are quick adopters of mobile technology. Dubbed as the “Texting capital of the world.” Smartphone penetration in the Philippines is rated at 40% for 2015 and is seen to rise to about 70% by 2018. For 2016, smartphone users is estimated to reach 29.9 million. The mobile networks provide more than 99% coverage of population. Smart Communications and Globe Telecom are the two leaders in the mobile market.
The Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system. The latest election happened May 9, 2016, with Rodrigo Duterte as the newly elected president with an estimated 40% of the 54 million votes. His presidential term will begin on June 30, 2016. He is the incumbent Mayor of Davao City, a Filipino lawyer, politician and the 16th President-elect of the Republic of the Philippines.
(Credits to Wikipedia.)